Innovations In Disease Diagnosis
Heart health is a vital part of modern healthcare. Researchers are continually looking for the best practices in preventative care, surgery, and lifesaving treatment. We have seen significant Innovation In Disease Diagnosis and treating heart diseases in recent years. Here are seven of the best examples that can be found within heart healthcare, operating theaters and labs. In a few years, they could all end up saving lives.
1) Improved CPR Procedure
The first of these advancements is one that many of us may not consider. We hear a lot about new technology in operating theaters, but less about improvements in CPR. Researchers at the UT Southwestern Medical Center have been working on best practices for the speed and depth of chest compressions. They found compressions shouldn’t go deeper than 2 inches and should be performed at a rate of 100-120 per minute. This offers the best chances of survival and least chance of further damage. To help newcomers out, they also suggest using the rhythm of “Row, Row, Row Your Boat.”
2) The Living Organ Transplant
There have also been many developments when it comes to treating heart diseases through surgery. The living organ transplant is the perfect example of this. The best way of preserving a donor’s heart and ensuring that it isn’t rejected is to use a functioning organ. This means a body that is working at the right temperature outside of the human body. The theory is that this will allow for a much better transition. Clinical trials are still being carried out for a fully working Transmedics Organ Care System to be used in surgery.
3) Mechanical Heart Assistants
Transplants are the ultimate option for many patients, but they are not always accessible. The next best thing in heart health care is a mechanical pump that helps the heart out until a transplant can be made. Mechanical ventricular assist devices (VADs) improve the function of the affected ventricle to pump blood much more efficiently. These small implants are designed as a temporary solution, but they can be used as a more permanent aid for heart failure. When the pumps take the strain, they can give the heart time to heal until a better option is found.
4) GPS Heart Surgery
Then there is the way in which doctors carry out this operation in the theater. Surgery has advanced significantly over recent years to ensure that it is less invasive and more efficient. This means greater use of technology, robots, and cameras in precise surgeries for heart diseases. The Stereotaxis system is a mechanical aid that uses a navigation system much like GPS guidance. This system uses magnets to guide catheters through the heart. The aim is to reduce the risk of damage and make the process more efficient.
5) Implanted Defibrillators
Pumps are not the only new healthcare device helping to improve heart health post-surgery. There are also new implants that work like defibrillators to help maintain a steady heartbeat. This device goes under the skin and can be controlled remotely. When used correctly, they are a simple aid that can make a huge difference in reducing the likelihood of a heart attack. Testing is still underway for these devices, but they should prove to be a great innovation in diagnosing problems.
6) The Reinforced Sternum
Another interesting item that can be implanted post-surgery is the reinforced sternum. This implant, which is also known as sternal plating, is designed to add support to the chest after surgery. The plate fits behind the breastbone to strengthen the area and add more protection. It is believed that once it is perfected, it could help heart patients improve recovery times, reduce the risk of infection and ease the pain. The model is being trialed at the University of Chicago.
7) 3D Printing
Finally, there is the art of 3D printing. 3D printing has become increasingly accurate and accessible over the past couple of years. This has led to products and designs that are as practical and intricate as they are revolutionary. 3D models offer a new perspective on the human body and new ways of trying ideas. An accurate model of a child’s heart was recently created at Children’s Hospital Los Angeles to test-run a complex operation. This model helped to plan the best course of action for treating the child’s life-threatening heart defect.